Androgenetic alopecia

Androgenetic alopecia is a genetic and multifactorial phenomenon that causes hair loss. This can be a very common pathology, affecting more than half of men at some point in their lives. There is also androgenic alopecia in women, although its effects are not as striking and it is not as common.


Baldness due to androgenetic alopecia begins to manifest, in the case of men, at the temples. Later it moves to the frontal zone, originating what we popularly know as entrances. If it is not stopped, androgenic alopecia ends with baldness for the patient. This is not the case with women, who only drastically reduce their hair density.

Causes of androgenic alopecia

1. Genetic

Generally, the evolution of androgenetic alopecia has been progressive over time and has a genetic component, that is, it is inherited. It can come from both the paternal and maternal family. Therefore, if your ancestors suffered from alopecia, it is likely that your ailment is androgenetic alopecia.

2. The hormones

In men, the hormonal spikes that begin with adolescence affect how testosterone causes us to go bald. In women, androgenic alopecia usually manifests after menopause, after having suffered a reduction in estrogens. As in other types of alopecia, there may also be other factors that increase hair loss, such as a poor diet, moments of stress or lack of iron.

3. The diet

There is no great scientific research on the relationship between diet and baldness, but it is true that a good diet, balanced and healthy, contributes to alopecia appearing later or even reducing the evolution of alopecia.

4. Stress

Stress situations or continuous stress can cause or accelerate the process of alopecia. Hair that was in the growth phase can go into the fall phase, a phenomenon that can be aggravated if these feelings lead to physical acts such as hair pulling (trichotillomania).

5. Pollution

The body’s levels of betacatenin, the protein responsible for hair growth, are affected by pollution, especially diesel particles. Consequently, if you live in a big city or in an area with high pollution, your androgenic alopecia may be accelerated.

Diagnosis of androgenetic alopecia

The diagnosis of alopecia is an essential moment in its treatment. A misdiagnosis can lead to an incorrect treatment, which does not achieve the desired results or even worsens the situation.

Do you want to know if you suffer from androgenetic alopecia? The consultation at the Del Prado Medical Institute

is always carried out by Dr. Espinosa Custodio.

This type of alopecia should not be confused with others such as alopecia areata, traction alopecia or frontal fibrosing alopecia. All of them have their causes, peculiarities and remedies, but it is essential to identify well which one is causing hair loss

Remedies for androgenetic alopecia

As with any other illness, it is a doctor who must prescribe the treatment to be followed. Ath Instituto Médico del Prado it will be doctor Espinosa Custodio who will personally carry out the diagnosis and follow-up of each patient.

Normally, the medications that are usually prescribed for androgenic alopecia, when it is in its early stages, are Finasteride and Minoxidil.Finasteride is a treatment that has been shown to be effective against the progression of baldness. The other popular remedy for its good performance is Minoxidil. However, there are certain types of alopecia that will not improve with these treatments, so a good diagnosis, made by a specialist doctor, is essential.

Hair implant in Madrid: the definitive treatment

A hair transplant is the definitive remedy against androgenetic alopecia. At the Instituto Médico del Prado, Dr. Espinosa Custodio performs the capillary graft in person, extracting hair from the donor area (normally , the occipital) to implant them in the area where we want to have more hair.

A hair transplant is a totally safe process, with guaranteed results by Dr. Espinosa Custodio.

«The team of the Instituto Médico del Prado is top on giving an exclusive, precise, and customized service for each of our patients. Our goal is to obtain optimal and totally natural results».


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